Shop & Health Pass Case

Re: the Legality of covid Health Passes as a condition of access to stores


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Facts of the Case

  • Dates: August 19, 2021
  • Location: Versailles, France
  • Court: Versailles administrative court
  • Case #:
  • Plaintiff: large shopping centers
  • Plaintiff’s Lawyer:
  • Defendant: Yvelines Department
  • Trial Type:
  • Judge:
  • Status: Decided
  • Verdict: for the Plaintiff

*updated Feb 16, 2022



On August 19, the Yvelines prefecture made it compulsory to use a “health passport” at large shopping centers in the Yvelines department/prefecture. [1]

Throughout Yvelines 14 shopping centers with more than twenty thousand square meters were affected. The decree had been poorly greeted by retail professionals. At the Westfield Velizy 2 shopping center some 17 security agents were hired to guard the twelve entrance doors with an estimated budget of €130 000 for the month of August. [1]

The shopping mall registered a 25 percent drop in activity and a 25 percent drop in customer flow, which is huge. [1]

“We’re really fragile, and the shopkeepers are already suffering after a year and a half of crisis. [1]



This case challenges the Right of Government to remove the constitutional Right of the People to have freedom of movement and access to goods and services.


Plaintiff’s Argument

…More information is needed…


Defendant’s Argument

…More information is needed…


Relevant Prior Judgements/ Cases

…More information is needed…



After just two days of enforcement, the prefectural decree from August 19, which made it compulsory to use a “health passport” at large shopping centers in the Yvelines department, was suspended by the Versailles administrative court. [1]

“The contentious order restricts access in a broad manner, and does not provide conditions guaranteeing people’s access to essential goods and services.” [1]



The Versailles administrative court’s decision to suspend the prefectural decree establishing the obligation of the health pass in shopping centers in the Yvelines department, paved the way for other departments to follow. [1]


Strasbourg Also Suspends the Health Pass for Shopping Centres

The Strasbourg administrative court has meanwhile taken the same decision to stop enforcing the health pass after the manager of a shopping center in Haut-Rhin took the matter to court. The judge of the Strasbourg administrative court decided on Friday, August 27 to suspend the order of the Haut-Rhin prefect which made the presentation of the health pass compulsory in seven commercial centres of the department, especially those larger than 20000 square meters. [1]

The judge considered that with this obligation to present the health pass, “there is a serious and manifestly illegal interference with the freedom to come and go”. The restrictive measures imposed in the contested decree apply in a general and absolute manner to all businesses located in department stores and shopping centers listed in the decree, without anything having been planned to allow customers not having a pass to access shops selling basic goods and services. [1]

The measure took effect immediately. It is therefore no longer necessary to present a health pass to do shopping. However, the matter may be referred to the Council of State by the departmental administration. [1]


More Suits follow

After the Yvelines, it was also the Hauts-de-Seine and Val d’Oise shopping centers that stopped [2] demanding the health pass. Appeals were filed on Thursday for these two departments and on Friday for Val-de-Marne. Lawyer Yoann Sibille told Franceinfo that he had filed a complaint on Thursday with the administrative court of Cergy-Pontoise, against the decree taken in the Val d’Oise. The court must now rule within 48 hours. [1]

Sibille had written an amicable letter to the prefects of Île-de-France in which he asked them to change their orders. If the prefects do not change them, he would continue to file petitions on behalf of all people affected, he said. [1]



Further Research

Court Documents:
  • Read the Court Ruling
In the news:
  • …More information is needed…




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  1. Versailles court suspends compulsory health pass at shopping malls after just 2 days
  2. La justice suspend l’obligation du pass sanitaire dans les centres commerciaux du Haut-Rhin



Administrative Court, department stores, France, Health Pass, shopping centers, Strasbourg, Versailles, Yvelines

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